Understanding Hypospermia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Currently, male infertility is becoming as common as that experienced by females. Research is ongoing as to why this is so. Hypospermia can be a cause – it is a condition affecting males where an abnormally low volume of semen is consistently produced during ejaculation. Recognized by the World Health Organization as a condition when less than 1.5 ml of semen is produced per ejaculation, hypospermia is linked to various health issues and traumas causing male infertility. This article delves into the symptoms, causes and treatments for hypospermia.

What is Hypospermia?
Hypospermia is a medical condition where men consistently produce less than 1.5 ml of semen per ejaculation, as recognized by the World Health Organization. Understanding hypospermia is crucial because it directly affects male fertility and overall reproductive health. Awareness of hypospermia enables timely diagnosis and treatment, improving the chances of addressing fertility concerns and maintaining reproductive well-being.

Symptoms of Hypospermia:
In an ejaculation, the average semen volume ranges between 1.5 ml and 6 ml, comprising various fluids, including seminal fluid that carries sperm. The major symptom of hypospermia is minimal ejaculation, consistently producing less than the minimum volume of semen. This reduced volume can signal potential reproductive issues. Additionally, men with hypospermia often experience diminished sexual satisfaction upon ejaculation, impacting their sexual health and confidence. Recognizing these symptoms is crucial for seeking appropriate medical evaluation and treatment.

Causes of Hypospermia
Hypospermia can result from various conditions or abnormalities.

  • Retrograde ejaculation, where semen travels back into the bladder during ejaculation.
  • Ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO), which can be either acquired or congenital, also contributes to hypospermia.
  • Congenital causes include the absence of seminal vesicles or vas deferens.
  • Seminal vesicle blockage and hormonal abnormalities, such as low testosterone production, are other factors.

Diagnosis and Testing for Hypospermia
Diagnosing hypospermia involves several steps. First, a consultation is conducted to discuss the patient’s medical history and symptoms. A physical examination follows, during which a healthcare provider checks for any physical abnormalities in the reproductive system. Diagnostic tests, including semen analysis and hormone testing, are then performed to assess semen volume and identify any hormonal imbalances or other underlying issues. These steps are crucial for accurately diagnosing hypospermia and determining the most effective treatment plan.

Treatment Options for Hypospermia:
Treatment for hypospermia depends on its underlying cause. Medical treatments may involve medications and hormone therapy to address hormonal imbalances. Surgical interventions can correct physical blockages or abnormalities affecting semen production. Adopting healthier lifestyle habits, such as reducing alcohol consumption and managing stress, can also help improve semen volume. Additionally, counseling and psychological support are essential for addressing the mental health impacts of hypospermia, helping men cope with the condition and maintain overall well-being.

Preventive Measures and Lifestyle Recommendations:
Preventing hypospermia involves making healthy lifestyle choices, such as engaging in regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption. It’s also important to manage stress effectively and steer clear of environmental toxins that could harm reproductive health. Regular medical check-ups are essential for monitoring reproductive health and identifying any potential issues early. By adopting these preventive measures, men can reduce their risk of developing hypospermia and maintain overall reproductive well-being.

Hypospermia significantly impacts male fertility and mental health, but various treatment options are available. If you are experiencing symptoms of hypospermia, consulting a specialist should be the first step.

At Andrology Center, we carry out the manual and AI semen analysis and SDF (Sperm DNA Fragmentation) tests. We have top class equipment and technology to do this. Also, we are the only authorised laboratory in India to perform the genuine SCSA® (sperm chromatin structure assay) test, which guarantees accurate results. We provide standardised reports, making it easier for the fertility specialist to analyse the results and decide on the best treatment options for the couple. With the right care, overcoming the challenges of hypospermia is possible, leading to improved fertility and overall well-being.

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